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Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
Category Wind Speed Storm Surge
  mph ft
5 ≥157 >18
4 130–156 13–18
3 111–129 9–12
2 96–110 6–8
1 74–95 4–5
Additional Classifications
Tropical Storm 39–73 0–3
Tropical Depression 0–38 0
The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a classification used for most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the intensities of "tropical depressions" and "tropical storms", and thereby become hurricanes. Source: Intellicast

Beaufort Wind Scale

Number Of Storms Per 100 Yrs

Atlantic Basin Storm Count Since 1850


Atlantic Basin Storm Count Since 1850

Hurricane Strike Percentages


[Map of return period in years for hurricanes passing within 50 nautical miles] Estimated return period in years for hurricanes passing within 50 nautical miles of various locations on the U.S. Coast


[Map of return period in years for major hurricanes passing within 50 nautical miles] Estimated return period in years for major hurricanes passing within 50 nautical miles of various locations on the U.S. Coast


CONUS Hurricane Strikes

 
[Map of 1950-2011 CONUS Hurricane Strikes] 1950-2011 CONUS Hurricane Strikes (Courtesy of NCDC)

Lookup Historic Hurricane Tracks



Hurricane Katrina Track 2005

Typical Tropical Cyclone Origins and Track By Month



June Hurricane Climatology

July Hurricane Climatology

August Hurricane Climatology

September Hurricane Climatology

October Hurricane Climatology

November Hurricane Climatology

2017 Hurricane Season Storms

Tropical Storm ARLENE
Duration April 19 – April 21 2017
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)
990 mbar (hPa)
Tropical Storm BRET
Duration June 19 – June 20 2017
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)
1007 mbar (hPa)
Tropical Storm CINDY
Duration June 20 – June 23 2017
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)
991 mbar (hPa)
Tropical Storm DON
Duration July 17 – July 18 2017
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)
1005 mbar (hPa)
Tropical Storm EMILY
Duration July 30 – August 2 2017
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)
1001 mbar (hPa)
Hurricane FRANKLIN
Duration August 7 – August 10 2017
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)
981 mbar (hPa)
Hurricane GERT
Duration August 12 – August 17 2017
Peak intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)
962 mbar (hPa)
Major Hurricane HARVEY
Duration August 17 – September 1 2017
Peak intensity 130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min)
937 mbar (hPa)
Major Hurricane IRMA
Duration August 30 – September 12 2017
Peak intensity 180 mph (285 km/h) (1-min)
914 mbar (hPa)
Major Hurricane JOSE
Duration September 5 – September 22 2017
Peak intensity 155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)
938 mbar (hPa)
Hurricane KATIA
Duration September 5 – September 9 2017
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)
972 mbar (hPa)
Tropical Storm LEE
Duration September 14 – September 30 2017
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)
962 mbar (hPa)
Major Hurricane MARIA
Duration September 16 – September 30 2017
Peak intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)
908 mbar (hPa)
Hurricane NATE
Duration October 4 – October 9 2017
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)
981 mbar (hPa)
Major Hurricane OPHELIA
Duration October 9 – October 16 2017
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)
959 mbar (hPa)
Tropical Storm PHILIPPE
Duration October 28 – October 29 2017
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)
1000 mbar (hPa)
Tropical Storm RINA
Duration November 5 – November 9 2017
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)
991 mbar (hPa)

Atlantic Wind Shear

Wind shear is often the most critical factor controlling hurricane formation and destruction. In general, wind shear refers to any change in wind speed or direction along a straight line. In the case of hurricanes it is important primarily in the vertical direction–from the surface to the top of the troposphere. The troposphere is the region of the atmosphere that our active weather is confined to, and extends up to about 40,000 feet altitude (a pressure of about 200 mb) in the tropics in summer. Hurricanes fill the entire vertical extent of the troposphere, and are steered by the average wind through this layer. When one hears the phrase, “wind shear is 20 knots over the hurricane”, this typically refers to the difference in wind speed between 200 mb (the top of the troposphere, 40,000 feet altitude) and a layer where a pressure of 850 mb is found–about 5,000 feet above the surface. This wind shear is computed over a large area–a circle of 700 miles in diameter centered on the hurricane is one technique used. This 200-850 mb wind shear is a crude measure of the actual wind shear a storm experiences, since only changes in wind speed–not wind direction–are considered. Furthermore, the computed shear does not consider any smaller scale changes that may occur within this large volume of the atmosphere. For example, it is common to find a strong jet of wind at about 600 mb blowing along the edge of the Saharan Air Layer (SAL)–that area of dry, dusty air that frequently lies to the north of developing tropical cyclones in the mid-Atlantic. This jet will create significant wind shear that will not show up on the standard 200-850 mb wind shear plots. Since upper-air measurements are very sparse over the open ocean, shear that is invisible on 200-850 mb wind shear analysis charts will often unexpectedly kill or weaken a developing tropical cyclone.

Tropical cyclones are heat engines powered by the release of latent heat when water vapor condenses into liquid water. Shear hurts tropical cyclones by removing the heat and moisture they need from the area near their center. Shear will also distort the shape of a hurricane by shearing it (blowing the top away from the lower portion), so that the vortex is tilted. A tilted vortex is usually a less efficient heat engine–the delicate balance of inflowing low-level winds and outflowing upper-level winds that ventilate the storm gets disrupted. Dr. Bill Gray of Colorado State University was one of the first scientists to study the effect of winds shear on hurricane formation. In his classic 1968 paper, “Global View of the Origin of Tropical Disturbances and Storms” — Source: WUG and Wiki

Wind Shear Tendency in the past 24 Hours

Wind Shear Tendency Past 24 Hours

CURRENT SHEAR

Current Wind Shear

Current Wind Shear

Current Wind Shear

Current Wind Shear

Wind Shear 24 Hour Forecast

Wind Shear 24 Hour Forecast

48 Hour Forecast

Wind Shear 48 Hour Forecast

72 Hour Forecast

Wind Shear 72 Hour Forecast

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